Beziehungen zwischen dem Missionsärztlichen Institut (MI), Sternsingern und der Katholischen Universität im ghanaischen Sunyani –

28.11.2011

Erneut Unterstützung für junge Katholische Uni in Ghana

„Ghana-Preis“ der Jakob Christian Adam Stiftung über 100.000 Euro in Sunyani an Vizekanzler überreicht – 10.000 Euro vom Missionsärztlichen Institut – Bau eines Studentenwohnheims

Der Geschäftsführer des Missionsärztlichen Instituts, Karl-Heinz Hein-Rothenbücher (links), und Prof. Dr. Klaus Fleischer in Sunyani bei der Übergabe des “Ghana-Preises“ an den Vizekanzler der Katholischen Universität, Prof. James Ephraim.

MI

Würzburg (MI) Weiterer Meilenstein für die Beziehungen zwischen dem Missionsärztlichen Institut (MI) und der Katholischen Universität im ghanaischen Sunyani. Die 2001 gegründete Hochschule bekam jetzt 100.000 Euro für den Bau eines weiteren Studentenwohnheims. Das Geld stammt von der Jakob Christian Adam Stiftung in Meckenheim, die ihren „Ghana-Preis“ bereits zum zweiten Mal der Universität zukommen ließ. 10.000 Euro spendete das Institut.

Stiftungsvorstand Christoph Konopka, MI-Geschäftsführer Karl-Heinz Hein-Rothenbücher und Prof. Klaus Fleischer überreichten das Geld während ihrer Ghanareise persönlich an Vizekanzler Prof. James Ephraim. Für die rund 4.000 Studenten gibt es bisher nur ein Wohnheim, weitere Unterkünfte werden dringend benötigt. Die Vergabe des Geldes war auf Vermittlung von missio Aachen zustande gekommen.

Die von der Katholischen Bischofskonferenz Ghanas gegründete Hochschule hat fünf Fakultäten, darunter Wirtschafts- und Kommunikationswissenschaften, Religionswissenschaften und Öffentliche Gesundheit. Auch zukünftige Lehrer werden dort ausgebildet. 65 Prozent der Studenten sind katholisch. Die Hochschule hat derzeit 58 Lehrbeauftragte und Professoren.

Das Missionsärztliche Institut hat die junge Hochschule, die ihre Studenten nicht nur akademisch bilden, sondern ihnen auch christliche Werte vermitteln möchte, schon mehrfach unterstützt. Jüngste Aktion war ein Spendenaufruf, um die Anschaffung von Minibussen zu finanzieren. Die meisten Studenten wohnen mehrere Kilometer weit von der Uni entfernt und sind stundenlang zu Fuß dorthin unterwegs. Jetzt wurde mit Unterstützung von missio Aachen ein Kleinbus mit 20 Plätzen angeschafft, um das Transportproblem zu entschärfen. Geplant ist eine weitere Unterstützung der Universität durch die Jakob Christian Adam Stiftung und das Aachener Kindermissionswerk zugunsten der Lehrerausbildung.

(2011/11/29)e

Partnerschaften

Kindermissionswerk „Die Sternsinger“ wird geehrt – 100.000 € für Lehrerausbildung in Ghana

Diesjähriger Preisträger des Ghana-Förderpreises der Jakob-Christian-Adam-Stiftung ist das Kindermissionswerk „Die Sternsinger”. Das Ghana-Forum NRW gratuliert herzlich.

Am 20. September 2012 fand in Meckenheim bei Bonn der Festakt der Jakob-Christian-Adam-Stiftung statt. Dabei hat die Stiftung zum sechsten Mal in Folge den mit 100.000 Euro dotierten Ghana-Förderpreis verliehen

Preisträger dieses Jahres ist das Kindermissionswerk „Die Sternsinger”. Dessen Präsident, Prälat Dr. Klaus Krämer, erhielt die Auszeichnung aus der Hand von Dr. Norbert Röttgen

Das Kindermissionswerk wird mit dem Preisgeld die Lehrerausbildung an der Katholischen Universität in Sunyani (Ghana) fördern. Die Aus- und Fortbildung der Lehrer in Ghana ist ein Schlüssel, um die Gesellschaft aufzubauen und jungen Menschen den Start in eine bessere Zukunft zu ermöglichen

.b. (MI)

Veröffentlicht am 28.11.2011 um 12:53 von Elke Blüml

Missionsärztliches Institut Würzburg

WHO WE ARE
Education, arguably, is the key to human growth and development of a society or nation. Qualitative, innovative, practical and holistic education is the hallmark of the complete Catholic education world over. Catholic University College of Ghana, Fiapre is just one of such acclaimed Catholic Institutions.

Mission: To promote academic excellence, moral or ethical values, as well as the integral personal development of its students and their commitment to service.

Vision: To create a Unique University that can make a distinctive contribution to national development as an institution of academic and technical excellence, whose products are endowed with real practical ability, a moral vision of life and a profound religious motivation for service in all spheres of life.

Goal: The goal of the Catholic University among other things is to establish a home of academic and technical excellence, provide holistic education and training; discipline and moral excellence; and instill commitment to service.

Objective (s)
In fulfillment of its goal, CUCG is determined to:

  1. Inculcate high moral standards and impart gospel values to the students in their integral formation in the course of their University education;
  2. Support the development of efforts of the country through emphasis on science and technology (and in particular, Information Technology) and ensure that the University remain relevant and forward looking;
  3. Promote cultural values and ideals through relevant courses and research and in this way contribute to social solidarity, cohesion and advance enculturation;
  4. Help the individual to realize his/her potential;
  5. Produce a new type of students:
    i. Capable of adapting to the changing work environment;
    ii. With skills, technical literacy and competence in computers, numeracy, etc.;
    iii. Very knowledgeable of the current trends in local and international affairs; and
    iv. Capable of making a positive contribution to his/her society.

Kooperation der Hochschule für Forstwirtschaft von Rottenburg mit der Sunyani University of Energy and Natural Resources in Ghana

22. Februar 2016

 

Prof. Dr. Heidi Megerle und Prof. Dr. Steffen Abele erarbeiten momentan zusammen mit ihrem ghanaischen Kollegen Dr. Amos Kabo-Bah einen Antrag für den Auf- und Ausbau einer Kooperation der HFR mit der Sunyani University of Energy and Natural Resources in Ghana.

Schwerpunkt dieser Kooperation sollen der wechselseitige Austausch von Studierenden und Dozenten sein.

Inhaltliche Schwerpunkte der Kooperation werden in den Themenfeldern Wassermanagement, Landwirtschaft und Energie liegen. Hierdurch können mehrere Studiengänge der HFR eingebunden werden.

https://www.hs-rottenburg.net/aktuelles/aktuelle-meldungen/detail/artikel/kooperation-mit-der-sunyani-university-of-energy-and-natural-resources-in-ghana/

University of Energy and Natural Resources

Vision and Mission

VISION

To become a world class institution for generating, advancing and applying knowledge in energy and natural resource sciences.

MISSION

To promote the development of human resources and skills required to solve critical energy and natural resources challenges of society and undertake interdisciplinary academic, research, and outreach programmes in engineering, science, economics and environmental policy.

CORE VALUES

In order to realize its vision and mission the University of Energy and Natural Resources shall be guided by the following core values:

  1. Promote innovation, creativity, freedom of  thought and creative expression;
  2. Operate with integrity, commitment and transparency;
  3. Promote conservation of energy and the environment;
  4. Establish partnership with stakeholders in skills and knowledge generation and application;
  5. Respond to the needs of our students and partner communities
  6. Promote and incorporate sustainability concepts across all University courses/programmes as well as exemplifying the sustainability culture of staff, students and alumni.

http://uenr.edu.gh/

 

Brong-Ahafo-Region in der Mitte Ghanas – Sitz von Black&White-Ghana

Brong-Ahafo Region

Brong-Ahafo Region
Brong-Ahafo Region
Basisdaten
Hauptstadt: Sunyani
Regionalminister: Ignatius Baffour-Awuah
Distrikte: 19
ISO 3166-2: GH-BA
Fläche
Fläche: 39.557 km²
Rang in Ghana: 2
Bevölkerung
Einwohner: 1.815.408 (2000)
Bevölkerungsdichte: 45,89 Einw./km²(2000)
Rang in Ghana: 6

Die Brong-Ahafo Region ist eine Region Ghanas mit der Hauptstadt Sunyani.

Geographie[Bearbeiten]

Die Region liegt in der Mitte des Landes und grenzt im Norden an die Northern Region, im Süden an die Ashanti Region, im Südwesten an die Western Region, im Südosten an die Eastern Region, im Westen an die Côte d’Ivoire (Elfenbeinküste) und im Osten an die Volta Region.

Politische Gliederung[Bearbeiten]

Die Region ist in folgende 18 Distrikte unterteilt:

Distrikte der Brong-Ahafo Region

Siehe auch[Bearbeiten]

Weblinks[Bearbeiten]

  • http://www.ghanadistricts.com/region/?r=10
  • Notre Dame Senior Secondary School
  • BRONG AHAFO

    The Brong Ahafo Region was created on 4th April 1959 (by the Brong Ahafo Region Act No. 18 of 1959). The Act defined the area of the Brong Ahafo Region to consist of the northern and the western part of the then Ashanti Region and included the Prang and Yeji areas that before the enactment of the Act formed part of the Northern Region. Before the Ashanti Empire was conquered by the British in 1900, the Brong and Ahafo states to the north and northwest of Kumasi (the capital of Ashanti empire and the present Ashanti Region) were within the empire. Nana Akumfi Ameyaw III traces his ancestry to King Akumfi Ameyaw I (1328-63), under whose reign the Brong Kingdom with its capital at Bono Manso grew to become the most powerful kingdom of its time. Indeed oral tradition has it that nearly all the different groups of the Akans, including the Asante, trace their origins to Bono after migrating from the “north”.
    The first remembered King of the Bono Kingdom is King Asaman, who is credit with leading his Akan people from what may be present day Burkina Faso or even further north, to Bonoland (Buah, 1998). Later migrations led to the Asantes, Fantes, Denkyira and other Akans settling in their present locations. Nana Akumfi Ameyaw is credited with the creation of gold dust as a currency and gold weights as a measure, later developed and adopted by all the other Akan groups, particularly the Asante. Legend has it that he even supported his yam shoots with sticks made of pure gold. It was when King Opoku Ware of Asante defeated Bono in 1723 and destroyed Bono Manso that the capital moved to Techiman (Takyiman). Techiman and other Bono states therefore came under the Asante Empire until 1948 when Akumfi Ameyaw III led the secession of Bono from Asante, supported by other Bono states such as Dormaa.

    The most significant change the British administration in Ashanti brought to the people of the Brong and Ahafo states until 1935 was that it made them independent of Kumasi clan chiefs (Busia, 1951, pp. 165-166). The British administration worked out a strategy that severed the interference of the Kumasi clan chiefs with the internal affairs of the Brong and Ahafo states. When the Ashanti Confederacy was restored in 1935 by the British administration, however, most of the Brong and Ahafo states saw that their independence from Ashanti was being threatened, because by restoring the Ashanti Confederacy, they were to revert to their former overlords in Kumasi. Though the Brong states joined the Ashanti Confederacy, most of them were not happy with the re-union because they felt their long historical association with Ashanti had brought them nothing.

    The opportune time came when in 1948 Nana Akumfi Ameyaw III, the Omanhene (paramount chief) of Techiman led Techiman to secede from the Ashanti confederacy (Austin, 1964, p. 294). The secession of Techiman was supported by some of the Brong states and this led to the formation of the dynamic Brong political movement, Brong Kyempem Federation. The movement was formed in April 1951 at Dormaa Ahenkro under the auspices of the Dormaa State.3 The main objective of the movement was to struggle for a separate traditional council and a separate region for the Brong Ahafo states.

    The name of the movement was later changed to the Brong Kyempem Council. In March 1955, the Prime Minister informed the National Assembly that the government was considering “the possibility of setting up a Brong Kyempem Council” to fulfil the desire of the Brongs for the establishment of a development committee for their area and that the government would “examine the case for the establishment of two administrative regions for Ashanti”. In March 1959, the Brong Ahafo Bill was passed under a certificate of urgency by Parliament. The Brong Ahafo Region Act was enacted after receiving the Governor General’s assent. Sunyani was made the capital of the new region.

    Political and administrative structure

    Brong Ahafo has 19 administrative districts, with District Chief Executives (DCEs) as the political heads. The DCEs are assisted by District Co-ordinating Directors (DCDs) who are responsible for the day to day running of the districts. The DCEs work under the Regional Minister (the political head of the region), while the DCDs are under the Regional Coordinating Director. Sunyani is the administrative headquarters of the region, where the Regional Minister resides.The legislative wing of the is the District Assembly. One third of its membership is appointed by Government in consultation with local leaders, while the remaining are elected on non-party lines. The District Assembly elects its own Presiding Member.The District Assemblies are divided into Town and Area Councils, depending on the population and land area of the district. A compact settlement or town with a population of 5,000 or more qualifies to have a Town Council status. An Area Council is made up of 2 or more towns which when pulled together has a population of 5,000 or more. The region has 37 Town Councils and 106 Area Councils. Eight of the districts bear the name of the district capital, with the remaining five (Asunafo, Asutifi, Tano, Jaman and Sene) named after geographical land marks or historical events.

    Another aspect of the relates to constituencies and areas for electoral purposes. The region is divided into 21 constituencies, which are further subdivided into 582 electoral areas or electoral units. These electoral areas consist of 2,292 basic units called polling stations.Each of eight districts has two constituencies with the remaining five having one constituency each. Wenchi, one of the districts with two constituencies has the highest number of electoral areas (54), electoral units (214) and polling stations (223). Seven districts have 48 electoral areas each. The Sene district has the least number of electoral areas (30) and polling stations (98). There has been the need for the creation of six new districts.

    Physical features

    The Brong Ahafo Region, formerly a part of the Ashanti Region, was created in April 1959. It covers an area of 39,557 square kilometres and the second largest region in the country (16.6%) and shares boundaries with the Northern Region to the north, the Ashanti and Western Regions to the south, the Volta Region to the east, the Eastern Region to the southeast and La Cote d’Ivoire to the west. The central point of the landmass of Ghana is in the region, at Kintampo.It has 19 administrative districts, with Sunyani as the regional capital. The region lies in the forest zone and is a major cocoa and timber producing area. The northern part of the region lies in the savannah zone and is a major grain- and tuber-producing region. The region has a population of 1,815,408, indicating an intercensal growth rate of 2.5 per cent over the 1984 population figure. Enumeration covered all the 17,546 localities in the region.

    Climate

    The region has a tropical climate, with high temperatures averaging 23.9oC (750F) and a double maxima rainfall pattern. Rainfall ranges, from an average of 1000mm millimetres in the northern parts to 1400 millimetres in the southern parts.
    Vegetation

    The region has two main vegetation types, the moist semi-deciduous forest, mostly in the southern and southeastern parts, and the guinea savannah woodland, which is predominant in the northern and northeastern parts of the region. The level of development and variations in economic activity are largely due to these two vegetation types. For example, the moist semi-deciduous forest zone is conducive for the production of cash crops, such as cocoa and cashew.

    Brong Ahafo is one of the three largest cocoa producing areas in the country, mainly in the Ahafo area, which shares common border with western Ashanti. A lot of the cashew in Ghana is produced in Brong Ahafo, some of which are processed into brandy and cashew wine at Nsawkaw in Wenchi. Timber is also an important forest product, produced mainly in the Ahafo area around Mim, Goaso and Acherensua. Other cash crops grown in the forest area are coffee, rubber and tobacco. The main food crops are maize, cassava, plantain, yam, cocoyam, rice and tomatoes. Yam production is very high in the guinea savannah zone, around Techiman, Kintampo, Nkoranza, Yeji, Prang and Kwame Danso.

    Tourist attraction sites

    The ecology of the region has produced lots of tourist attractions. Some rivers create beautiful tourist sites as they flow on rocky landscapes. The Pumpum River falls 70 metres down some beautiful rocky steps to form the Kintampo Falls, as it continues its journey towards the Black Volta. The Fuller Falls, 7 kilometres west of Kintampo, (the centre point of the country), also provides a scenic beauty as River Oyoko gently flows over a series of cascades towards the Black Volta. Another scenic site is the River Tano Pool which houses sacred fish that are jealously protected by the local community who live along the river near Techiman. There is also a pool on the Atweredaa River, which runs through the Techiman market.

    Another type of tourist attractions are caves, sanctuaries and groves. The Buabeng-Fiema Monkey sanctuary, located 22 kilometres north of Nkoranza, covers a forest area of 4.4 square kilometres. It serves as home for black and white colobus and mona monkeys. The forest also provides a natural habitat for different species of butterfly. Buoyem caves, which are hidden in a dry semi-deciduous forest, house a large colony of rosetta fruit bats. The Pinihini Amovi caves are also historic underground caves near FiemaThe tourist attraction sites in the region cannot be complete without mention of the Tanoboase Sacred Grove. It is believed that the grove is the cradle of Brong civilization.

    The grove served as a hideout to the Brongs during the 18th century Brong-Ashanti wars. It is currently used for hiking and rock climbing. The Bui National Park, stretching from Atebubu through Banda to the proposed site of the Bui Dam, is home to many rare wildlife and vegetation. Part of the Volta Lake flows through the region and Yeji, Prang, and Kwame Danso are important towns along the banks of the lake, which can serve as growth poles for tourism development in the region.

    Nationality and ethnicity

    The composition of the population by nationality is summarised below. More than 97 per cent of persons in the region are Ghanaians, with 94 per cent being Ghanaian by birth. The proportion of Ghanaians by birth in the districts ranges from 91 to 97 per cent, with Sunyani having the highest (96.7%). Ghanaians by naturalization constitute between 5 and 6 per cent of the total populations of Sene, Kintampo, Nkoranza, Jaman, Dormaa and Asutifi. Atebubu district has the highest proportion of other ECOWAS nationals (3.8%), while Berekum has the highest proportion of other African nationals (1.5%) and non-Africans (1.2%).

    Foreign nationals deal in wood-processing activities a lot, and may account for the small but significant proportion of non-Africans in Berekum, where wood-processing is one of the main industrial activities. Berekum also has some religious organisations, mainly Catholic, and other foreign NGOs with significant expatriate personnel carrying out social work. The high proportion of ECOWAS nationals in Atebubu (3.8%) and Sene (2.8%) is difficult to explain, since the districts do not share a border with any of the neighbouring countries. It may be due to migration from Togo, Benin, Burkina Faso and Cote d’voire.

    Ethnicity

    The predominant ethnic group in the region and in all the districts is Akan, except in Sene where the Guans predominate. Apart from Sene and Atebubu where the Ewes and Gurmas are the second predominant ethnic groups, the Mole-Dagbon ethnic group is the second largest in all the other districts. Three other groups of northern origin, Gurma, Grusi and Mande-Busanga are one-tenth of the region’s population. Ethnic groups of northern origin are therefore slightly more than a quarter of the region’s population. The large proportion of Ewes in Sene is due to the fishing activities along the region’s side of the Volta Lake.

    The presence of the Guans in large proportion in Atebubu and Sene may not be due entirely to migration. That part of the region was formerly part of the Northern Region, inhabited by the Gonjas, one of the Guan sub-groups, before it was made part of Brong Ahafo in 1959. More than three-fifths of the Akans in the region are Brongs. Asantes and Ahafos are two other recognisable Akan groups in the region. Dagombas constitute the highest proportion of Mole Dagbons. Three other ethnic groups, Kusasi, Nabdom and Dagomba, constitute more than one third of the Mole Dagbons. The remaining groups from the south, Guans, Ewes and Ga-Dangme are less than one tenth of the region’s population.

    Religious affiliation

    The distribution of the population by the various religious denominations in the region is nearly the same as the total country, except traditional religion and no religion that exchange the order. Christianity (70.8%) has the largest following, while Islam (16.1%) and no religion (7.8%) are the significant others. Another change of order different from the national is that Catholics (22.6%) outnumber Pentecostals (20.8%). Brong Ahafo has a strong Catholic legacy, with many Catholic institutions including 7 hospitals in 7 districts. It is therefore no surprise that the Church chose Fiapre in the Sunyani District for the establishment of the first Catholic University in the country. Large followers of Christianity are in all districts. Over four-fifths of the population in Berekum (87.4%), Jaman (83.9%), Sunyani (80.9%) and Dormaa (80.3%) are Christians. The protestant churches (28.6%) have the largest following in Berekum, followed by the Pentecostal (28.0%).

    Pentecostals outnumber Catholics in eight districts, the most prominent being Sunyani where the difference is more than 10 percentage points. Jaman has the largest proportion of Catholics, where nearly two out of every five people are Catholics. Though more than half of the population in Atebubu (50.5%), Kintampo (51.4%) and Sene (56.6%) profess to be Christians, the proportion of Christians in these districts is low compared to the other districts.

    Islam is practised mainly in Kintampo (29.7%) and Atebubu (24.4%), where Moslems outnumber the two most professed Christian denominations, Catholics (21.4%) and Pentecostals (17.6%). The Moslems are mainly Mole-Dagbon who are quite a substantial group in the districts. Techiman (20.7%) and Wenchi (20.0%) also have a sizeable number of Moslems, though Catholics outnumber them. Islam (6.1%) and traditional religion (10.6%) are least practised in Berekum. Traditional religion is most practised in Sene (18.8%), followed by Atebubu (15.7%) and Kintampo (10.0%). Sene also has the largest proportion professing no religion (13.6%).

    Traditional religion ranks second after Pentecostal while no religion ranks fourth after Catholic in the district. Nkoranza also has more than one tenth (11.6%) of the population professing no religion. The proportion of females professing the Christian faith (73.5%) is higher than males (68.2%) in the region, in all districts in the region and total country. Apart from Catholics in Sunyani and Berekum where the proportion of males is higher than females, and Sene where the proportion of male Pentecostals is higher than females, the proportion female is larger than male in all three major Christian denominations in all districts. On the other hand, the proportion of males professing Islam, traditional and no religion, in all districts of the region, is higher than females.

    Type of dwelling

    Rooms in compound houses are the predominant occupied units by households in most districts, except Kintampo (31.8%) and Sene (41.4%) where the separate house is the predominant dwelling unit. Jaman (62.1%) and Berekum (59.8%) have the highest proportion of households occupying rooms in compound houses, with four districts (Sunyani, Tano, Wenchi and Techiman) having between 50.0 per cent and 60.0 per cent of households occupying such units. Flats and apartments are used more in Sunyani (4.6%) than in any other district. Except for Berekum (3.4%) and Asunafo (2.1%), all other districts have less than 2.0 per cent of households occupying flats and apartments. The use of huts as occupied units is most common in Sene (because of the large rural settlements) while Sunyani and Berekum (the most urbanised districts) have most of the improvised homes (kiosk/container). Tents are the least used occupied units.

    Cultural and Social Structure

    Nationality

    Ghanaians by birth and parenthood constitute 94.0 per cent of the population of the region. This is higher than the national proportion of 92.2 per cent. Naturalized Ghanaians constitute an additional 3.4 per cent, while other ECOWAS nationals make up 1.9 per cent with other Africans and non-Africans being 0.8 per cent. The sex-composition of Ghanaians by birth indicates that there are more female Ghanaians by birth than males, while there are male non-Ghanaians than females.

    Migration

    Nearly 71 per cent of the population are born in the localities where they were enumerated, with a further 7.5 per cent born in another locality within the region. The rest of the population originate from outside the region, with most of them from the regions which share border with the region. Favourable climatic conditions, abundance of arable land and proximity may be factors that attract people from the north.

    Ethnicity

    The predominant ethnic group is the Akan, (62.7%) followed by the Mole-Dagbon (15.4%) and Grusi (4.2%), as shown in Figure 1.1. Within the Akan group, the Brong (Bono, including Banda) are the largest subgroup (61.4%), followed by the Asante (13.3%) and Ahafo (9.5%). Among constituents of the Mole-Dagbon group, the Dagaaba are the largest (44%) subgroup.

    Religious affiliation

    Christianity has the largest following (71.0%), followed by Islam (16.1%) and traditional religion (4.6%). A significant proportion (7.8%) reported affiliation with no religion. Catholics are the largest denomination of the Christian faith (22.6%), followed by Pentecostal/ Charismatic (20.8%) and Protestant (17.0%). More females (73.5%) than males (68.2%) profess the Christian faith. The reverse is true for Islam, traditional religion and those with no religion.

    Literacy

    Education forms an important determinant of the quality of manpower. As such, the educational level of the population, to some extent, reflects the level of social and economic development of a country or a community. It is also well known that education constitutes one of the most important factors influencing demographic behaviour and the level of fertility of a population. Statistics on literacy provide a measure of progress in the educational development and are necessary in planning for the promotion of adult literacy. Literacy is defined as the ability to read and write in any language and relates to those aged 15 years and older. 48.5 per cent of the population of the region, aged 15 years and older, are not literate. This picture is only better than that of the three Northern Regions where the illiteracy level is more than 70.0 per cent.

    Since much information is written and transmitted in English, effective literacy level is based on those literate in English and a Ghanaian language. This means that effective literacy level for the region is 49.0 per cent, which is lower than the national average of 54.5 per cent. Information flow in terms of posters, brochures, and written adverts will seriously be hampered because of the low literacy level. The differences between male and female literacy levels. There are significant differences between the sexes in the not literate and the literate in English and Ghanaian Language groups. Among the males, 41.1 per cent are illiterates, which is far lower than that of females (56.0%).

    Educational attainment

    A little over two fifths of the population (42.0%) aged six and older, have never been to school. The proportion of the population that has attained primary (22.3%) and middle/JSS (23.3%) is almost the same; only 11.2 per cent have attained a level above the middle/JSS. The education attainment is the same for males and females at the pre-school level (1.2% each) and the primary school level, (22.5% males and 22.0% females). Above these two attainment levels, male attainment is higher than that of females at each subsequent level. This low attainment level for females has implication for the economic characteristics of the population as well as fertility behaviour.

    A higher percentage of females (68.5%) than males (63.9%) are currently in pre-school and primary school. The percentage of males (60.2%) is lower than that of females (64.3%) at the primary school level but the pattern changes to that of a higher percentage of males than females, at each subsequent higher level after the primary school level, (Figure 1.5). More than three fifths (62.1%) of those currently in school are in the primary school, followed by those in middle/JSS (22.4%). The proportion of the population currently at the post-secondary level (1.3%), (including training college, nursing, etc.), is the lowest.

    Economic Characteristics

    Economic goods and services are produced and supplied to the market through these earning activities. Statistical data on economic activities and of the population, therefore, are essentially required for social and economic development planning.

    Occupation

    Agriculture and related work is the major occupation in all districts, accounting for 66.4 per cent of the region’s economically active population. It is the main occupation for about two-thirds of the economically active group in nine of the 13 districts. In the three most urbanised districts, Sunyani (45.9%) Berekum (50.9%) and Techiman (57.1%), Agriculture and related work account for between 45.0-60.0 per cent. Sene, the most rural district, in particular, has 4 out of 5 economically active population in this sector. Significant proportions of the economically active persons are engaged as Production, Transport operators and Labourers (11.3%), Sales workers (7.6%), and Professional and related workers (5.8%). 9 out of the 13 districts have proportions of Productive, Transport operators and Labourers above 10.0 per cent. 3 out of the nine, Sunyani (14.9%), Berekum (14.8%) and Kintampo (13.8%) have the highest proportions. The other 4 districts have less than 10.0 per cent.

    At the regional level Sales workers form only 7.6 per cent. However, at the district level, Techiman (13.7%), Sunyani (13.4%) and Berekum (11.2%) have relatively high proportions engaged in sales. This is expected as Techiman is the largest market centre in the region. In addition, Sunyani and Berekum are urbanised districts, where sales workers are usually predominant. Proportions of Professional, Technical and related workers are generally low in most districts but Sunyani (9.0%) and Berekum (8.7%) have relatively high proportions. These same districts also have appreciable proportions of service workers 8.6 and 7.0 per cent respectively.

    Educational attainment and literacy

    Statistics on educational attainment help in knowing the present educational levels of adult population as well as anticipated future requirements of educated manpower for various types of economic activity. Such data would be useful for policy makers to plan development and improvement of educational systems on one hand, and to plan economic development programmes in the light of manpower requirements, on the other.

    More than two fifths (42.0%) of the population, aged 6 years and older, have never been to school, a very discouraging picture.

    Current school attendance

    The proportion of attending primary school is higher (64.2%) than that for males (60.1%), at the regional level. However, at the middle/JSS, SSS and beyond, the proportion of males exceed that of females at every level. This is also true for all districts except Sunyani and Berekum where female proportions for middle/JSS are slightly higher (24.2%) and (22.9%) than those for males (24.0%) and (22.3%), respectively.

    Literacy

    Most information is transmitted in written form and therefore the ability to read and write is very essential. The proportion of the population not literate (48.5%) in the region is higher than the national average (42.1%). The level of literacy for the region in all four-language categories, English, Ghanaian language, English and Ghanaian language and other languages, is also lower than the national level.

    Read more……………

  • http://www.ghana.gov.gh/index.php/about-ghana/regions/brong-ahafo

Cashew-Hoffnungsschimmer in der Region Brong-Ahafo: Mehr als 1,5 Millionen Kleinbauern in Afrika 850000 Tonnen Cashewnüsse und damit 45 Prozent der Welternte produzieren, aber nur fünf Prozent ihrer Produktion auch in Afrika weiterverarbeitet werden. John Dare musste seine rohen Nüsse früher an die Zwischenhändler verkaufen, ob nun zu einem fairen Preis oder nicht. Jetzt verkauft er an seine Wenchi-Genossenschaft, der mittlerweile 1800 Bauern angehören, und seit diesem Jahr hat er dabei auch noch einen viel besseren Überblick. Möglich macht das der Software-Konzern SAP mit Hauptsitz im badischen Walldorf, der am Cashew-Projekt beteiligt ist und in aller Welt über solches „social business“ neue Kunden gewinnen will. Früher waren die Baumschulen in Staatshand, jetzt ist die Devise „dezentralisierte Produktion in Bauernhand“, so Peter Keller. Im kommenden Monat will der Inder Venkatesan Rajkumar bei Techiman seine erste Cashewverarbeitungsfabrik in Ghana in Betrieb nehmen. Dann wären es insgesamt fünf Anlagen im ganzen Land.

Cashewbauern: Mit Smartphones harte Nüsse knacken

Die Welt will mehr Cashewnüsse. Dass auch Afrikas Bauern mehr davon haben – dafür arbeiten Entwicklungsfachleute aus Deutschland.

07.10.2011, von AXEL WERMELSKIRCHEN

© AXEL WERMELSKIRCHEN

Die Cashewnachfrage auf dem Weltmarkt ist in den vergangenen zwei Jahrzehnten um das Sechsfache gewachsen und steigt jährlich weiter

John Dare rückt sich einen Stuhl in den Nussbaumschatten, scheucht die Truthähne zur Seite und bittet vor dem Gespräch mit den Gästen um den Segen Jesu. Dare ist nicht nur Cashewbauer, er ist auch Prediger und zählt zu den 30Prozent Christen unter den 25 Millionen Einwohnern Ghanas. Deshalb hat er nur eine Ehefrau, nicht bis zu vier, wie es im muslimischen Norden des Landes üblich ist (die übrigen 40 Prozent der Ghanaer gehören Naturreligionen an). Dare, dem man seine 70 Jahre nicht ansieht, bewirtschaftet an seinem Vierhäuserdorf in der Nähe der Stadt Wenchi eine Vierhektarplantage. Die Cashewbäume stehen ordentlich im Zehnmeterabstand. Der Boden darunter ist unkrautfrei, die Äste sind geschnitten. Dares Kinder – der jüngste Sohn ist fünf – sind an diesem Morgen noch in der Schule, nachmittags werden sie ihm wie üblich bei der Farmarbeit helfen. Für die 2011er Ernte von März bis Juni zeigt der Bauer ein Zertifikat der „Wenchi Cashew Farmers and Marketing Union“ vor: 2647Kilogramm Cashewnüsse in der Schale hat er an die Genossenschaft verkauft. Die Gesamternte von 4000 Kilogramm hat ihm 6000 Cedi eingebracht, umgerechnet 3000 Euro. Das ist gut zehnmal mehr als der durchschnittliche afrikanische Cashewbauer mit seiner Hände Arbeit erzielen kann.

Axel WermelskirchenFolgen:

Damit muss Dares Familie ein Jahr auskommen – und ist damit gut dran in dem aufstrebenden westafrikanischen Land mit seinen vielen Völkern, in dem vier von zehn Einwohnern jünger als 15Jahre alt sind. Seit Januar 2009 regiert Präsident John Evans Atta Mills. Der Korruptionsindex ist hoch, das noch agrarisch geprägte Ghana exportiert hauptsächlich Gold, Erdöl, Diamanten, Bauxit und Mangan, Kakao, Zuckerrohr, Kaffee – und brillante Fußballspieler. Die Inflation ist von 26 auf knapp neun Prozent gesunken, aber auch das reizt die Ghanaer noch nicht unbedingt zum Sparen.

Bessere Arbeit, besseres Leben

Der Bauer Dare weiß wohl kaum, dass die Cashewnachfrage auf dem Weltmarkt in den vergangenen zwei Jahrzehnten um das Sechsfache gewachsen ist und weiter um bis zu acht Prozent jährlich steigt, vor allem aus Indien und China. Vielleicht weiß er auch nicht, dass weit mehr als 1,5 Millionen Kleinbauern in Afrika 850000 Tonnen Cashewnüsse und damit 45 Prozent der Welternte produzieren, aber nur fünf Prozent ihrer Produktion auch in Afrika weiterverarbeitet werden, während der Großteil nach Indien und Vietnam verschifft wird.

Was er aber weiß, ist, dass seine Arbeit und sein Leben besser geworden sind, seit er Teil eines Entwicklungsprojekts ist, bei dem die Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) im Auftrag der Bundesregierung und der „Bill & Melinda Gates“-Stiftung die Feder führt. Afrikanische Cashew-Initiative (ACI) heißt das Projekt, das im Jahr 2009 begann und 2013 vollendet sein soll. Das Ziel ist, die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit der Cashewproduktion in Ghana, Burkina Faso, Benin, Moçambique und der Elfenbeinküste auf allen Stufen der Wertschöpfungskette zu verbessern und die Armut in diesen Ländern nachhaltig zu verringern. Projektleiter ist Peter Keller, Agrarökonom, Vater zweier Söhne in den Mittzwanzigern und seit mehr als 30 Jahren für die GIZ in Asien und Afrika im Einsatz.

Effektiver und transparenter Handel

John Dare musste seine rohen Nüsse früher an die Zwischenhändler verkaufen, ob nun zu einem fairen Preis oder nicht. Jetzt verkauft er an seine Wenchi-Genossenschaft, der mittlerweile 1800 Bauern angehören, und seit diesem Jahr hat er dabei auch noch einen viel besseren Überblick. Möglich macht das der Software-Konzern SAP mit Hauptsitz im badischen Walldorf, der am Cashew-Projekt beteiligt ist und in aller Welt über solches „social business“ neue Kunden gewinnen will. Carsten Friedland, 1975 geboren und in Südafrika aufgewachsen, arbeitet in der Forschungs- und Entwicklungsabteilung des Konzerns. Der Cashew-Genossenschaft in Wenchi hat er mit seinen Leuten in kürzester Frist ein Computerprogramm an die Hand gegeben, das Produktion und Handel effektiver und transparenter macht. Auch John Dares Nusssäcke tragen jetzt eine Papierplakette mit Strichcode darauf. Wenn er sie in der Erntezeit zu einer der zehn lange Wegstunden auseinanderliegenden Sammelstellen bringt, muss der Mann von der Genossenschaft nur noch das SAP-Smartphone darüber halten – schon ist in der Zentrale Dares Name gespeichert, das Gewicht seiner Säcke, das Lieferdatum, die Sammelstelle. Ist das Internet nicht zu erreichen, können immerhin noch SMS geschickt werden.

Auf den Smartphones ist auch der aktuelle Weltmarktpreis für Cashewnüsse abzulesen. Kein „Middleman“ (Zwischenhändler) könnte Dare noch übers Ohr hauen. Der Genossenschaftssekretär Yahya Abu Baro sagt dazu, die Unregelmäßigkeiten hätten früher doch schon mit dem Wiegen begonnen. Dare kann sich auch überlegen, ob er mit dem Verkauf seiner Nüsse nicht wartet, bis der Preis besser wird. Zudem weiß er, wie viel die 60 anderen Cashewbauern seiner Gegend an die Genossenschaft verkauft haben. Der Wettbewerb wird den einen oder anderen Bauern dazu veranlassen, die Genossenschaftsfachleute um Rat zu fragen, damit er künftig mehr und bessere Nüsse liefern kann. Und die Genossenschaft wiederum weiß – anders als zu Zeiten schlampig geführter Papierlisten – von jeder einzelnen Nuss, wo sie herkommt, und kann damit den steigenden Qualitätsansprüchen der Verarbeitungsbetriebe und Großhändler begegnen. Schlechte Nüsse kaufe die Wenchi Union nicht, sagt der Genossenschafter Peter Amponsa. Die würde sie auch gar nicht los bei den rund zwei Dutzend Großhändlern, unter ihnen Olam, der weltführende Verarbeiter von Agrarerzeugnissen mit Sitz in Singapur, der das Projekt ebenso unterstützt wie etwa die Unternehmen Kraft Food und Ahold.

„Dezentralisierte Produktion in Bauernhand“

Peter Keller gibt auch für die Wenchi-Genossenschaft als eines der Projektziele aus, den Ertrag pro Baum und Jahr auf 20Kilogramm zu steigern. Noch sind es nur drei bis fünf Kilogramm, obwohl ein Cashewbaum – nach sechs bis sieben Jahren trägt er voll, mit zehn ist er ausgewachsen – auch 70 Kilogramm im Jahr bringen könnte. Von solchen Bäumen träumt wohl auch der 59 Jahre alte Asuamah Yeboah, der wie andere von der ACI trainierte Bauern unter den Palmblattdächern seiner offenen Gewächshäuser Cashewsetzlinge zieht und geradezu zärtlich mit Edelreisern pfropft. Früher waren die Baumschulen in Staatshand, jetzt ist die Devise „dezentralisierte Produktion in Bauernhand“, so Peter Keller.

Im kommenden Monat will der Inder Venkatesan Rajkumar bei Techiman seine erste Cashewverarbeitungsfabrik in Ghana in Betrieb nehmen. Dann wären es insgesamt fünf Anlagen im ganzen Land. Rajkumar Impex ist nach Olam der zweitgrößte Cashewverarbeiter der Welt, bis 2014 will der Inder 18 Prozent der Welternte verarbeiten. Bislang hat er jedes Jahr 23000 Tonnen in gut 1600 Schiffscontainern von Ghana nach Indien gebracht. Die Fahrt dauert 40Stunden, und die Schalen der Nüsse machen vier Fünftel der Fracht aus. Mit der neuen Anlage in Ghana soll das ein Ende haben.

„Mim Cashew“ bietet Hunderte Arbeitsplätze

Mit dem Entwicklungsprojekt ACI verbunden ist ein anderer Nussverarbeiter, das mittelständische Unternehmen „Mim Cashew“ bei der Stadt Mim in der Region Brong-Ahafo (22000 Einwohner). Zum Unternehmen gehört eine große Cashewplantage. Der Däne Lars Wallevik ist der Besitzer, er hat das Farmland eines Iren gekauft und 2008 in umgebauten großen Hühnerställen mit der Nussverarbeitung begonnen. Es sollte nicht nur ums Geschäft gehen, es sollte etwas für Ghana getan werden, im Sinne von Walleviks Vater Paul, der bis Mitte der siebziger Jahre von hier Möbelholz exportierte, das Land und die Leute liebte, aber gehen musste, als wieder einmal eine politische Krise hereinbrach.

„Mim Cashew“ bietet Hunderte Arbeitsplätze, zahlt ordentlich und trainiert die Mitarbeiter. Viele wohnen in kleinen Reihenhäusern am Firmengelände. Auf dem Gelände wohnt Hermann Bani, ein Schweizer, der sich in den Siebzigern in Afrika verliebte. Er managt die Firma zusammen mit Joseph Yeung. Bis zu 2000 Tonnen Cashewnüsse können hier verarbeitet werden. Nach dem Trocknen und Dämpfen knacken die Fabrikarbeiter die Nüsse an langen Werkbänken auf und entfernen die Schalen. Die Kerne werden dann noch dreimal maschinell und von Hand geschält, nach Größe und Qualität sortiert und schließlich verpackt.

Die Fabrikarbeiter bei „Mim Cashew“ bleiben nicht selten einfach ein paar Tage weg, wenn der Lohn gezahlt ist; an diese Form der Arbeit haben sich viele von ihnen noch nicht gewöhnt. Aber dass hier Ghanaer die Nüsse Ghanas im eigenen Land verarbeiten, schon das ist ein Cashew-Hoffnungsschimmer.